In the Supreme Court of the United States
Town of Greece, Petitioner,
Susan Galloway and Linda Stephens, Respondents,
On Petition for a Writ of Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
BRIEF OF MEMBERS OF CONGRESS AS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONER
Since its creation, the United States House of Representatives has begun its daily sessions with prayer. Both chambers of the First Congress passed resolutions to hire a salaried chaplain, whose foremost duty is to open each session with a formal invocation seeking the blessing of God on the people's elected Representatives as those leaders discharge their official duties.
Amici curiae are 49 Members of Congress in the United States House of Representatives, and are individually named in the appendix to this brief. These elected Representatives regard legislative prayer as important for policymaking bodies, both to solemnize official occasions and to seek God's blessing, wisdom, and guidance in making consequential decisions. Each Member also represents municipalities, school districts, and counties--not unlike Petitioner Town of Greece--and part of a sovereign State, each of which is governed by a body that practices legislative prayer at the outset of its meetings and sessions.
These legislative prayer practices are imperiled by the Second Circuit's decision, which is just the latest and most deeply-flawed decision in a growing line of recent legislative prayer cases. These Members and their constituents would benefit from this Court granting the petition to clarify what forms of legislative prayer are consistent with the Constitution.