Did They Believe in Birth Control?By Jessica Prol Managing Editor for Policy Publications
Jessica Prol is Managing Editor at Family Research Council. This article appeared on Patheos.com, May 20, 2013.
"Did they believe in birth control?"
Always an awkward question, when asked about your grandparents. I was a sheltered high school student when the question first came. The conversation had started innocently enough. Terri was one of the real estate agents where I worked and she had simply asked me about my holiday plans. I planned, as usual, to spend the holidays with my mom's extended family. Mom was the tenth of sixteen kids. (Yes, same marriage, and only one set of twins.) This meant that I also had over fifty cousins. It was "normal" for seventy-plus relatives to cram into my Uncle Adrian's home for Thanksgiving and Christmas.
As a kid, I liked to brag about my enormous family. It was a wow-point, for a rather shy and normal girl like me. No, my family wasn't Catholic. They were Dutch Protestants (and what did that have to do with anything). Did they believe in birth control? I had never, ever thought to ask them. Seriously . . . ever. Grandpa was an inventive, poetic, and sometimes gruff Marine who had served in World War II. Grandma was always busy making food and hugging grandchildren. It was like I was being asked, "Which one of your aunts was an accident?" Or, by extension, "Which cousins could you do without?" Life with my grandparents never left much time for such speculation. There was grandpa's printing press or newly invented back-saving snow shovel to explore. There were watermelon seed-spitting contests to win. There were rowdy pool fights to start.
I knew that life in such a large family wasn't easy. At times, Grandpa had had to work three jobs. Grandma spent nearly twenty years pregnant. Children would share beds and dressers and clothes. At times, they would essentially parent each other. But neither my grandparents nor their kids resented the dimensions of their family. My grandpa's maxim? "There's always room for one more."
The large Dutch family stuck out in the diverse and busy Clifton, New Jersey neighborhood. And they got flak for it-occasionally attracting nasty letters to the editor that accused them of recklessly over-populating the world.
My grandparents had, it seems, bucked the spirit of the age. In 1968 (about the time my grandma was expecting her fourteenth child), ecologist and demographer Paul Ehrlich wrote the best-selling book, The Population Bomb.
Ehrlich predicted that the world's population would double by 2000. On that count, he was more or less correct. But Ehrlich also predicted that the world's standard of living (GDP per capita) would plummet dramatically and that swaths of the country's population would be starving in the streets. On this point, Ehrlich was monumentally misguided. By 2000, the average standard of living had tripled.
In his recent lecture, "Merchants of Despair and Anti-humanism," Robert Zubrin explored the Ehrlich's elaborate falsehoods,
... everybody's got the right to be wrong about the future. But he was also wrong about the past, because if Ehrlich's theory that human well-being was inversely proportional to human numbers were true, then people should've been much richer in the past than they were in 1968.
Ehrlich's argument was counterfactual, even when he made it. And it is that very same counterfactual and dire forecast that has informed legislative efforts to set up a bureau of population control and motivated demographers to suggest a one-child policy (a policy that has tragically been forced upon the Chinese population).
But why was Ehrlich wrong? Zubrin explains that,
... every mouth comes with a pair of hands. Well, if that was all there was to it, there'd be a wash-the more people, the less people-it'd be the same amount [of resources] per person. But it's better than that, because you see, every mouth not only comes with a pair of hands, it comes with a brain. And the more people there are, the more inventors there are and inventions are cumulative. And furthermore, the more people there are, the larger the market is therefore the easier it is to find investment to initiate new technologies into action...
Ehrlich, it seems, had understood human beings primarily as consumers-a veritable cancer upon the earth, rather than cultivators-creative, productive, and innately precious. Throughout his lecture and eponymous book, Zubrin explores the tentacles of Ehrlich's misguided predictions and the implications of this anti-humanism.
It is, Zubrin explains, this very anti-humanism that has motivated racist eugenics campaigns in the U.S. and genocidal population-control programs around the world. In quieter ways, this suspicion about humanity also provides the foundation for modern tirades against nuclear power, pesticides, biotech foods, and industrial development.
Ironically, anti-humanistic hype is so far off the mark that it is actually plummeting fertility rates that pose some of the largest social and policy challenges in our day. Jonathan Last delves into the details with his book (and lecture) What to Expect When No One's Expecting.
Census numbers merely outline the results of a million personal decisions-they hardly prescribe or proscribe reproduction. And the rather bizarre and tragic update on Octomom's story suggests that huge families shouldn't be an end in and of themselves.
But every time someone quizzes me on my grandparent's bedroom decisions, I just smile a little and tell them about my grandpa's favorite saying: "There's always room for one more." I happen to think he's right.