At this writing, two states (California and New Jersey) have enacted legislation which forbids licensed professional counselors in the state to "engage in sexual orientation change efforts with a person under 18 years of age." In 2014 Washington state considered a ban for the third straight year, and similar bills have now been introduced in several other states including Florida, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Virginia. In addition, U.S. Rep. Jackie Speier (D-CA) has introduced a non-binding resolution at the federal level, H.Con.Res. 69, expressing support for such bans.
The American Psychological Association (APA) and some other professional groups have been critical of "sexual reorientation therapy" or "sexual orientation change efforts" (often abbreviated "SOCE"). Such groups are not immune to political and ideological bias, particularly on the issue of homosexuality. Nevertheless, even the APA's statements on the subject of sexual reorientation therapy do not support restricting such therapies by law.